During colonic irrigation or colon hydrotherapy, a small speculum is passed into the patient’s bowel through the rectum. The practitioner attaches this to a tube leading to a devise that allows temperature-controlled filtered water into the colon at a controlled flow. The temperature of the water should ideally be kept as close to body temperature as possible. The patient will temporarily be filled with water up to the level of the entire colon. This process, although sometimes uncomfortable, is not painful. It triggers peristaltic action and the patient will begin to expel the water along with faecal matter back through the tube. The faecal matter is flushed out via a transparent pipe or viewing tube, so that what is eliminated may be monitored. During the treatment, the therapist will gently massage the patient’s abdomen to help dislodgeimpacted faecal matter.